View Full Version : Extending Tomato Shelf Life Could Lead To Better Tast, More Nutrition

02-20-11, 10:01 PM
Dennis O'Brien
18 Feb 2011

Tomatoes spend so much time on shelves and in refrigerators that an estimated 20 percent are lost to spoilage, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). But scientists with USDA's Agricultural Research Service (ARS) are working with colleagues at Purdue University to extend the shelf life of tomatoes. The research also may lead to tomatoes that taste better and are more nutritious.

ARS is USDA's principal intramural scientific research agency, and the research results support the USDA priority of promoting international food security.

Autar Mattoo, a plant physiologist with the agency's Sustainable Agricultural Systems Laboratory in Beltsville, Md., joined with Avtar Handa, a professor of horticulture at Purdue, and Savithri Nambeesan, a graduate student working with Handa, to focus on manipulating a class of nitrogen-based organic compounds known as "polyamines" that act as signals and play a role in the plant's growth, flowering, fruit development, ripening, and other functions. Polyamines also have been linked to the production of lycopene and other nutrients that lower the risks of certain cancers (http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/info/cancer-oncology/) and other diseases.

The researchers wanted to see if they could increase levels of polyamines in tomatoes, and what the effects would be of any increases. They introduced a polyamine-producing yeast gene, known as spermidine synthase, into tomato plants to increase the production of a higher polyamine spermidine that is believed to modulate the plant ripening process.

The results, published in The Plant Journal, showed that introducing the gene not only increased spermidine levels and vegetative growth, but extended the tomato's post-harvest shelf life. Shriveling was delayed by up to three weeks, and there was a slower rate of decay caused by diseases. The tomatoes also had higher levels of lycopene. The study also shows for the first time that spermidine has its own effects independent of other polyamines, extending shelf life and increasing growth.

The use of molecular genetics to enhance tomatoes has faced resistance from the horticulture industry and food-processing companies. But scientists have used the approach to develop improved varieties of corn, soybeans, and cotton.

Dennis O'Brien
United States Department of Agriculture - Research, Education and Economics


02-20-11, 10:20 PM
Here we have deja-vu all over again. Anyone remember the failed Flavr-Saver tomato? This sounds like Flavr-Saver, Round Two.

Tomatoes should never be refrigerated. It makes them mealy and tasteless. They should be picked at peak of ripeness and eaten shortly thereafter. But in this example we are once again treating the symptom, not the problem.

Problem: tomatoes lose quality when shipped long distances
Solution: grow more tomatoes locally. Here's a company that's figured it out: http://www.backyardfarms.com/
They are located in Madison, ME, a 45-minute drive from me, and their first greenhouse covered 42 acres in glass. It is state-of-the-art Dutch technology. It operates year-round, sustainably, all computerized. Fruits are grown hydroponically and controlled with beneficial insects, not pesticides. They are picked by hand but the rest of the labeling and packaging process is fully automatic & magical. They are shipped as far away as NYC but that's the limit — no more than a day's drive. If this can be done in Maine, seems like it could be done anywhere. No need to fook with the poor tomato's genes!

02-20-11, 11:48 PM
Ah, but Islander, where is the fun in that? Something that makes sense, is good for our environment and the consumer, and doesn't require chemicals or genetic engineering? Shoot! It might even be profitable. Can't have that, now! All the big agricultural businesses need the gov't hand outs for production.


02-20-11, 11:55 PM
The Backyard Farm is brilliant!